Closed-circuit television involves the use of video cameras to convey a signal to its designated place using a limited number of monitors. This process is also known as video surveillance. What makes it different from broadcast television is that its signal is not transmitted openly but it will still employ point-to-multipoint, point-to-point, wireless links or the mesh wired.
CCTVs best fit in areas that might require monitoring or security is needed such as supermarkets, stores, banks and many more. There are a wide variety of CCTVs that are meant for different premises or situations and therefore a need to dig deep and know the different types and the proper camera for the correct application.
The Different Types of CCTV Cameras and How They Work.
- LPR/ANPR Cameras.
These CCTVs are meant for reading and storing on the registration plates. They are used in many organizations including hotel overstay management, tolling and car parking. They are designed to obtain copious information in areas with high traffic.
- Bullet cameras.
They are meant for outdoor activities when monitoring long-distance viewing. They give you high-quality image resolution and IR night vision.
The basic working principle of CCTVs involves using the cameras to capture the video footage in your area. The captured video is then sent to the DVR which is the recording device for storage and future reference. From that point, it is sent to your computer or monitor which will display the video footage in real-time.
How TO Install CCTV.
The steps below will help you to install your CCTV.
- Mounting the camera.
You will place your camera unit in the selected area and then make the guide mark to assist in making drills. Drill the holes and then drive in the screw mouldings. Screw your CCTV camera in place ensuring it is firm. Put the power cable in a socket.
- Place the DVR.
The DVR hosts the hard disk thus the CCTV recordings are stored here. Put your DVR in a locked compartment to avoid tampering from intruders.
- Manage your cables.
Set the pathway for the cables reaching the DVR from your camera. You can use wire mouldings for safety. Thereafter, nail your mouldings to the path and add siamese surveillance cable inside.
- Connecting your wires.
The video footage cable is connected through a BNC port. Remove approximately 1.5cm of the outside covering to expose the braids. Remove the insulator that covers the innermost cable and insert the exposed wire into the port then screw the crimping barrel for a secure connection. Connect your DVR output port to the monitor where the video will be fed.
- Power the system.
Power on the cameras then the display and finally the DVR. set the DVR according to the manual and confirm that each camera functions properly.
Benefits of CCTVs to your businesses and home.
- Monitoring activities.
You will be able to follow the progress of the activities assigned to your employees in your business. This will give you peace of mind when you have an idea of what is happening.
- Collecting evidence.
If you are suspicious in your home or workplace, this is a great way to collect evidence of what has happened. You will be able to solve disputes in your home or business.
Recording keeping is very important in keeping you organized. You will know when your employees are arriving or when you have visitors. Furthermore with a CCTV you will monitor the deliveries.